Celery root No. 1 bonsai – National Vegetable Engineering Research Center, the latest cultivars : 2 mu species: 15 Characteristics: Celery root is from abroad in recent years, new nutrition and health specials , have lower blood pressure , sedative , diuretic , appetite and other effects. Crisp celery root mainly in the fleshy roots and petioles for food, nutritional value better than traditional celery. Food can be cold, fried or cooked . Juice also medicinal.
This variety is Beijing Vegetable Research Center introduced screening early maturing varieties . Growth tidy, carry is small, root swelling early, rapid , leaves, petioles green , the ball round , light green skin , white flesh , is not easy to hollow , single ball weighs 0.5kg. Cultivation: Celery root likes the cold and humid weather conditions, fleshy roots in soil temperature of 20 degrees when grown large, less growth of 25 degrees . Longer growing seasons , 120 days after planting, harvesting , 1500-2000 kg per mu . Suitable Chunlu ground and protected cultivation in autumn and winter , 15 mu bonsai quantity per acre 5000-6000 colonization strains. bonsai Quality : Species name Purity Clarity Germination rate Moisture Place of origin 1 celery root ?95% ?95% ?80% ?8% 2 Shanxi Second, the cultivation technique
1. In the summer planting season in spring and autumn can be cultivated in cold area . February-March in greenhouses and other protected nursery , planting in May , late August harvest. Or in May nursery, planting late July , October harvest. In late June or bonsailings, planted in greenhouses in early September , November harvest. Appropriate due fleshy root enlargement in cold environments , the growth process, under conditions of high to low temperature , easy to obtain high yield. Summer is hot area , only suitable autumn cultivation .
2. nursery indigenous nursery, plug bonsailings can be, indigenous nursery easier to obtain bonsailings. Because the root celery and more to double hanging fruit planting material to its thick rind firm and oil glands, easy to absorb water , germination slow and not tidy . Therefore , to sprout an important need soaking, and when Soaking rub. Soaking temperature of 20 to 30 , the time to 8-10 hours . Then wash the bonsais , the water drain , mix with fine, dry soil , sowing in the bonsaibed . Available flat bonsaibed furrow or small Takakuro , Chuangtu should raked the whole broken , enough base fertilizer fermentation , pouring foot of water . Try to dilute bonsai sowing , bonsailing points this part can be omitted , reducing root damage. Followed by pouring small water furrow , the bonsai and soil full contact . bonsai germination optimum temperature is 10 to 25 . Until the bonsais sprout , the soil covered drugs ( bonsailing damping-off disease readily available ) , a thickness of 0.5 cm, not watering , to prevent soil compaction, bonsai bonsaibed bottom by water development. To be the top bud unearthed , re-watering to small water ground irrigation principle, keep the soil moist. bonsailing age is usually 70-90 days . Depending on conditions and nursery growing bonsailings may be.
3. Select planting deep soil, well-drained land, clean the garden before planting , plowing the soil , Shizujifei , pouring foot of water . Celery root colonization density is generally about 7000 mu . Since the root celery root is not easy to recover after injury , planting bonsailings should be carefully dug to prevent root injury , and try to bring clods transplant , in order to facilitate the recovery of root and bonsailing survival.
The field management and root vegetables in general the same , bonsailing watering to \”less ground water pouring \” principle . Leaf vigorous growth of \”ground do not quit pouring , pouring only to white .\” Wang fleshy root growth of water should be uniform , suitable phosphorus, potassium , especially potassium , to promote the rapid expansion of fleshy root . Late fleshy root growth , should be properly watered to prevent hollow . The entire growth period , should be promptly removed the old leaves , diseased leaves , to reduce the spread of pests and diseases , in order to facilitate air and light .
5. The harvesting and storage usually after full fleshy root enlargement harvest. Premature low yields, late readily form a hollow hollow or during storage . At 0 to 5 storage, up to two months.
Third, economic analysis Celery root acres bonsaiing rate is about 15-20 , two hundred , and yield up to 2,000 kg. Due to the current small amount of cultivation , now it belongs to rare special vegetables , mu value of about 12,000 , the economic benefits quite good. We are professional dro